LAST UPDATE: 20.07.2018; 16:03

Demographic, Geographic and Social Aspects

While Joseph II’s edict of toleration had encouraged economically successful, wealthy Jews to take their residence in Vienna, the end of the 19th century saw an increasing wave of immigration on the part of poor Jews from Galicia. By 1910 the number of Jews living in Vienna had increased to approximately 175,000, almost 9% of the population.

While the poor Jewish families mostly lived in Leopoldstadt, the wealthy ones for the most part resided in the “Inner City”, and the richest among them built their sumptuous palaces on Ringstrasse. What linked the different groups of the Jewish population was their intensive community life. The Jewish Community of Vienna, in which Gustav Ritter von Epstein was a Board Member, devoted itself not only to worship and religious education but also to works of charity.

While Joseph II’s edict of toleration had encouraged economically successful, wealthy Jews to take their residence in Vienna, the end of the 19th century saw an increasing wave of immigration on the part of poor Jews from Galicia. By 1910 the number of Jews living in Vienna had increased to approximately 175,000, almost 9% of the population.

While the poor Jewish families mostly lived in Leopoldstadt, the wealthy ones for the most part resided in the “Inner City”, and the richest among them built their sumptuous palaces on Ringstrasse. What linked the different groups of the Jewish population was their intensive community life. The Jewish Community of Vienna, in which Gustav Ritter von Epstein was a Board Member, devoted itself not only to worship and religious education but also to works of charity.