Although the politics of education had always been marked by violent ideological differences, as evidenced by the attacks of the Liberals on the Church’s influence on education, the First Republic turned the schools more than ever before into a battlefield of the political camps.

On the side of the Social Democrats, one of the principal players in the schools controversy was the Vienna Schools Council, which now resided at Palais Epstein and was headed by Otto Glöckel, whose educational reform policies aimed at making “Red Vienna” the Social Democratic alternative to the educational policies pursued at the federal level and in the other provinces.